It is very important to keep your puppy/kitten at home and not take to pet stores or parks (dog or public) until the entire puppy/kitten series of vaccinations are finished.
Just like children, puppies and kittens need regular vaccinations to help prevent serious or deadly diseases. It is very important that you keep to the vaccination schedule set by your doctors as closely as possible. The timing of the vaccines is critical to the effectiveness of the vaccines. If they are given too early, they may be ineffective due to interference with antibodies absorbed from the mother’s milk. If not given correctly, the vaccines may not fully protect your new pet. It is also important that your pet receive its vaccinations from a licensed veterinarian. Buying vaccines and administering them yourself is highly discouraged. The vaccines may not have been handled or administered properly and may be ineffective. Most grooming and boarding facilities will not accept any vaccinations given by anyone but a licensed veterinarian.
The vaccines that each pet receives will be individually based, but follow the general guidelines below:
|First||7 to 9 Weeks||Examination: DHPP #1 vaccine, de-worming.|
|Second||10 to 13 WEEKS (3 to 4 weeks after 1st visit)||Examination: DHPP #2 Vaccine and possible Leptospirosis vaccine, possible Bordetella vaccine, de-worming.|
|Third||13 to 16 WEEKS (3 to 4 weeks after previous visit)||Examination if needed/or appointment only with a technician: DHLPP #3 vaccine, possible Bordetella vaccine, possible Rabies vaccine (CA law states they must be 16 weeks old), de-worming.|
|Fourth||16 to17 WEEKS (3 to 4 weeks after previous visit)||Examination: Last DHLPP if needed, Rabies vaccine, de-worming.|
|SPAY OR NEUTER VISIT||APPROXIMATELY 5 ½ to 9 ½ MONTHS OF AGE. Large and Giant Breed dogs can be done later.We can discuss this during your exam.|
|First||7 to 8 WEEKS||Examination: FVRCP #1 vaccine, de-worming.|
|Second||10 to 11 WEEKS (3 weeks after 1st visit)||Examination: FVRCP #2 Vaccine and possible FeLV vaccine, de-worming.|
|Third||13 to 14 WEEKS (3 weeks after previous visit)||Examination: Last FVRCP and FeLV vaccines, Rabies vaccine, de-worming.|
|SPAY OR NEUTER VISIT||APPROXIMATELY 5 ½ to 6 MONTHS OF AGE.|
What is in each vaccine?
Rabies is a zoonotic (people can get it) virus that is transmitted via the saliva of the infected animal. Once infected the virus travels up the nervous system and invades the brain. Vaccination is very effective at preventing infection. Most pets become infected from wildlife as all warm blooded mammals can carry the virus. Skunks, bats, and raccoons are the primary carriers. In Sacramento County dogs must be vaccinated after 16 weeks old, cats can be vaccinated as young as 12 weeks.
DHPP(or DA2PP): Distemper, Hepatitis (Adenovirus 2), Parvo, and Parainfluenza. This is usually given 4 times during the first 16-17 weeks.
Distemper is a highly contagious, occasionally fatal, viral disease. It is especially dangerous to puppies, although more than 50% of dogs will show only mild signs of being sick. Common first signs are consistent with many illnesses, including listlessness and decreased appetite, along with nasal and ocular discharge. In some dogs, the virus invades the brain, causing neurological signs such as seizures, muscle twitching, and weakness.
Hepatitis is an infectious viral disease that can affect dogs of all ages, and be fatal to some. Although liver disease is the most serious concern, most dogs have multiple systems involved, including the eyes, kidneys, lymphatic system, and brain.
Parainfluenza is a highly contagious upper respiratory viral infection that causes Kennel Cough, a disease similar to bronchitis in people. Healthy adult dogs usually recover from it. Puppies and older dogs are at greater risk of developing pneumonia and other serious complications.
Parvovirus is very serious viral disease that attacks all rapidly growing cells. In puppies less than 6 weeks old, it is usually fatal because it tends to affect the heart. In older puppies, it usually affects the intestinal tract, causing bloody diarrhea and vomiting. If treated aggressively (hospitalization, IV fluids, and anti-vomiting and antibiotic drugs), most puppies will survive an infection with Parvo.
Leptospirosis is usually added to the last two DHPP vaccines (it is then called DHLPP). Leptospirosis, or Lepto as it is sometimes called, is a bacterial infection that can cause liver and kidney failure, as well as affect our blood cells. It is the only disease (besides rabies) that we vaccinate against that can be transmitted to humans. Dogs are usually exposed to Lepto in one of two ways, either through contact with other affected animals or from contact with soil that has been infected.
Bordetella is a bacterial infection that often plays a role in making Kennel Cough worse. This vaccine is squirted up the nose, providing a first line of defense. The vaccine is given once a year, starting about the 12th week. Not all dogs require the Bordetella vaccine, the risk of exposure determines whether or not it is given.
Franklin Ranch Pet Hospital does not currently recommend the Corona, Giardia, or Lyme vaccines, and therefore, we do not carry them.
FVRCP (Feline Rhinotracheitis, Calici, and Panleukopenia) is usually given 3 times, 3 weeks apart. It is very important to keep on track with this vaccination.
Rhinotracheitis is like the common cold in people, but it can cause serious problems for kittens and older cats. It can cause sneezing, fever, loss of appetite, inflammation around the eyes, and ulcers in the mouth.
Calici can cause sneezing, fever, loss of appetite, inflammation around the eyes, and ulcers in the mouth. Healthy adult cats usually recover from it. Kittens and older cats are at greater risk of serious complications.
Panleukopenia (feline distemper) is a very serious and often fatal disease affecting kittens. It is similar to the parvovirus that affects dogs. Symptoms include loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, high fever, and depression.
Feline Leukemia (FeLV) is usually given at the last two exams for your kitten. The vaccine usually causes the kittens to feel ill for 2 to 3 days after the vaccine. Feline leukemia is one of the most common viral causes of illness and death in cats. Our understanding of, and vaccine recommendations for, feline leukemia are actively being researched, and our recommendations will likely change as we learn more about the disease and how best to prevent it. Feline Leukemia is a cancer-causing virus that can suppress the cat’s ability to fight infectious. Kittens affected early in life tend not to survive very long, whereas older cats can survive for 5 or more years after being infected. The doctor may recommend that your pet be tested for FeLV prior to receiving a FeLV vaccination.